Statistics of Vietnam Socioeconomic Index

Socioeconomic Index

1. Major Socioeconomic Indicators in Vietnam

Vietnam Overview
Declare independence from France

    2 September 1945




    96.5 mln. persons

1st level cities belong the central

Population – 21,543 thous. persons. (22.3% of the total population)

  • Ho Chi Minh City (9,039 thous. persons);
  • Hanoi (8,094 thous. persons)
  • Hai Phong (2,033 thous. persons)
  • Da Nang (1,141 thous. persons)
  • Can Tho (1,236 thous. persons)

331 thous. km2

Population density

292 person/km2


Dong (VND)

Source: GSO, 2019

Vietnam is located in the South-East Asia. The total area of the country is around 331,000 km2, population is over 96.5 mln. people.

2. GDP

Vietnam’s GDP Growth in the period of 2010-2019

Statistics of Vietnam information image

Source: National Statistical Yearbook, General Statistics Office home page, 2019

In the period 2010-2019, real GDP grew by 69% from VND982 to VND1,162 The average growth rate of real GDP in 2010-2019 was 6.0%.

Vietnam real GDP forecast

Statistics of Vietnam information image

Source: United Nation and Haver analysis of General Statistic Office, PDP VII

According to the United Nations, Haver Analytics and the revised PDP VII in 2016, national nominal GDP was forecast to grow at 7% per annum in 2016-2030, from VND 4503 in 2016 to reach VND 12,707 in 2030). Considering the inflation rates expected in 2016-2030, real GDP is expected to grow by 8.2% from VND1,365 to VND2,368 in that period.

3. Demographics

Vietnam population forecast

Statistics of Vietnam information image

Source:GSO, 2011-2019; United Nations, 2014

Vietnam’s population increased by 9.8% in the period 2010-2019. According to the United Nations, Vietnam’s population is forecast to reach 109.9 mln in 2040 (+13,9% compared to 2019)